Information on STAMPEDE


STAMPEDE is a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial for patients with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer who are commencing long-term Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT). Participants can have either newly diagnosed disease, or have been previously treated with radical radiotherapy or surgery but now have signs of progression such as a rising prostate specific antigen (PSA). The trial will assess the effects of adding different agents, both as single agents and in combinations, to the standard-of-care or substituting standard of care. For further information on the inclusion criteria of the study, please see Eligibility section of the website.

When the trial opened in 2005 there were five "original comparisons" which included the following investigational agents (i) a bisphosphonate, zoledronic acid, (ii) a cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agent, docetaxel and (iii) a cyclooxygenase (Cox-2) inhibitor, celecoxib, alone and/or in combination. The results of these comparisons have now been presented and published. A copy of the Open Access paper can be viewed here.  

Since then, the trial has been amended to include additional research arms in order to evaluate (iv) abiraterone, a steroid synthesis inhibitor and (v) enzalutamide, an inhibitor of androgen receptor signalling, alone and/or in combination. A further research arm involving prostate (vi) radiotherapy for patients with newly-diagnosed metastatic disease was added (Protocol Version 9.0). These arms are all now closed to recruitment.

From the current protocol, (vii) metformin, an anti-diabetic medication will continue to be evaluated (Arm K) and recruitment to (viii) Transdermal Oestradiol (Arm L) will now be evaluated.

The trial has multiple arms; the control arm of the trial receives standard therapy alone. When the trial started standard treatment was androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) only, achieved through the use of luteinising hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues or antagonist or bilateral orchidectomy according to local practice. Since primary results from the trial "original comparisons" have emerged showing a benefit in overall survival for patients receiving docetaxel in addition to ADT, the standard treatment has changed accordingly. Standard treatment may now include docetaxel chemotherapy for all men entering STAMPEDE. Radiotherapy is also mandated for men with node negative non-metastatic disease. The current trial design is shown in the figure below; previous trial designs can be viewed in previous protocols.

For each comparison of research arm against control, the trial will be conducted in a number of stages: a Pilot/Safety Phase, Activity Stages and a final Efficacy Stage. The primary outcome measure of the Pilot/Safety Phase is safety, with 30-50 patients recruited to each research arm. Research arms will only continue to recruitment in the next stage if they have been shown to be both safe and feasible, although patient data from all patients and all stages will be included in the final analyses. In the Activity Stages the primary outcome measure is failure-free survival (FFS). Each Activity Stage is triggered when a pre-specified number of FFS events have been observed in the control arm of the relevant comparison Recruitment to Arms D (ADT + celecoxib) and F (ADT + zoledronic acid + celecoxib) was stopped in April-2011 after the second planned activity analysis when the IDMC and TSC considered the lack-of-benefit guidelines.

Some evidence of activity will be required for a research arm to continue past each stage and guidelines are in place for this assessment of activity. The Efficacy Stage will take place when a pre-specified number of deaths are observed amongst the control arm patients for that relevant comparison. This was when around 403 deaths had been reported in the control arm for the “original comparisons” (involving docetaxel and zoledronic acid) and will be when around 267 deaths are reported in the control arm for the “abiraterone comparison”, the “M1|RT comparison” and the “enzalutamide + abiraterone comparison”. The exact number of patients randomised to, and duration of, the trial will depend on the observed accrual rate, observed event rate and the number of other research arms open to recruitment.

In Protocol version 8.0 a new Arm G (ADT + abiraterone) was added. Arm H (ADT+ prostate radiotherapy) was added in Protocol Version 9.0. The trial stages remain similar to those at trial inception but will be staggered in time compared to the stages for the original Arms A-F. Protocol version 10.0 was approved following the completion of recruitment to the remaining original trial arms (B, C and E) and was a "housekeeping" change to remove references to the completed arms from the information sheets. Protocol version 11.0 was approved following the extension of the recruitment target sample for the “abiraterone comparison” from 1,500 to around 1,800 patients. Protocol version 12.0 added a new combination therapy arm containing abiraterone with enzalutamide; for this comparison we envisage only two pre-planned interim analyses. Protocol version 13.0 was approved following the extension of the recruitment target sample for the "M1|RT comparison", from 1,250 to around 1,800 patients, and the introduction of saliva sample collection for DNA analysis. In response to the results of the primary analysis of the "original comparisons" the standard-of-care was updated to permit docetaxel in Protocol version 14.0. Protocol version 15.0 includes the addition of the metformin comparison as a new research arm, open to all non-diabetic men and reflects the completion of accrual to the “enzalutamide + abiraterone comparison”. Protocol version 16.0 added the transdermal oestradiol comparison (Arm L), allowing diabetic men to be recruited.

Patients will be assessed 6 weekly for the first 24 weeks after randomisation and then every 12 weeks up to 2 years, 6-monthly until 5 years and annually, thereafter. Quality of Life (QL) and use of health care resources (Health Economics) data is being collected in all patients until first Failure Free Survival event is reached or trial treatment completed.

In addition, there are translational sub-studies. Patients willing to participate will be asked at randomisation to donate a saliva sample (previously a droplet of blood), which will be stored for DNA and protein analysis to try to identify markers that are associated with response to therapy, side-effects or susceptibility to prostate cancer. Patients will also be asked for permission to use some of their stored material (e.g. tissue samples obtained at prostate biopsy or surgery) for further studies aiming to understand the causes and nature of prostate cancer and to identify biomarkers of treatment response. Further information on the stub studies can be found in the Information on Sub Studies Page

Patient information sheets (PIS) are available in the patients tab and essential documents section of this tab. Please see the table below to inform PIS procedures.

STAMPEDE: Patient Information Sheets

What Patient Information Sheet (PIS)?


Who should read it?


General PIS Part 1

Overview of why the study is being done and what it involves


When being approached about the study

General PIS Part 2

Details of study conduct and oversight

Everyone interested in taking part

When being approached about the study

Arm A, K & L PIS

Details of treatment associated with each arm of the study

Everyone interested in taking part

Before randomisation and informed consent

Additional Research PIS

Details of quality of life study and other optional studies

Everyone interested in taking part

Before randomisation and informed consent


STAMPEDE: Docetaxel and Zoledronic Acid Summary for Health Workers


STAMPEDE: "Abiraterone Comparison" Summary for Health Workers




STAMPEDE: "M1 Radiotherapy Comparison" Summary for Health Workers

Coming Soon


Systemic Therapy in Advancing or Metastatic Prostate cancer: Evaluation of Drug Efficacy

See the latest News in STAMPEDE through the link to the right.